Showing posts from December, 2017

Canadian 5 Cent Nickel Coin

The first Canadian Nickels were introduced in 1858. Made of sterling silver these tiny 5 cent coins weighed in at about one gram in weight and measured about 15.5 mm in size. These coins were minted in England and shipped over to the colonies of Canada.

Although we often think of the dime as Canada's smallest coin the true honour goes to the earliest nickels.Referred to as fish scales due their tiny size and gleaming silver appearance these coins truly did resemble a fish's scales and rightfully earned their nickname. The term nickel was not applied to this coin till after 1922.

The first Canadian five cent coin featured the image of England's reigning monarch on one side and the image of a pair of maple boughs on the other side from 1858 till 1921 when the nickel was upgraded to receive its more modern appearance.

In 1922 the Canadian five cent coin under went a major update. The nickels size was increased to 21.21 mm while its weight increased to 4.54 grams. The metal com…

Canadian One Cent Penny Coin

Canada's penny first made its appearance in 1858. The penny's value was set at one hundredths of a dollar. It featured England's reigning Queen Victoria on one side and the image of twin maple boughs on the other.

These first one cents were minted in bronze rather than the copper metal this coin is generally associated with. They were minted at the Royal Mint in London England and then shipped to Canada. This was a tradition that continued for 50 years until on January 2, 1908 when at the newly opened Royal Mint in Ottawa, Ontario the first penny was ceremoniously minted in our country.

From 1908 to 1920 the penny Canadian coins were created from 95.5% copper, 1.5% zinc, and 3% tin. The Canadian 1 cent coin then weighed in at 5.67 grams and had a diameter of 25.4 mm. In 1920 although the penny's metal composition remained the same the size of the coin changed. Its diameter shrank to a mere 19.05 mm. and the coins new weight was set at 3.24 grams.Then in 1942 the Canada 1…

Canadian Dime the 10 Cent Coin

In 1858 the first ten cent piece was introduced within Canada. It was minted in England and shipped to the colonies of Canada. Its monetary value was set at one tenth of a dollar and it proudly featured England's then reigning Queen Victoria on its face. The original dimes were comprised of sterling silver. 

In 1908 with the opening of Canada's Royal Mint coins were then able to be minted within our country. The image of twin Maple Boughs were pressed into the other side of each dime produced at the Royal Canadian mint until 1936 when this Canadian coin updated its appearance.

The image of the Bluenose schooner design was added to each 10 cent piece minted at the Royal Canadian Mint created after 1937. Other than for a few commemorative year coins it is the image you will see there. The reigning British monarchy continued to be featured on the face of the Canadian ten cent coin.

For Canada's 1967 Centennial year it is the image of a fish (mackerel) that is displayed on the s…

Canadian 25 Cent Quarter Coin

The first Canadian twenty-five cent coin was minted in 1870. Its monetary value was one quarter of a dollar and it came to be commonly referred to as a "quarter". These first 25 cent coins were made of sterling silver and had England's reigning Queen Victoria on one side, and the image of crossed maple boughs on the flip side.

Undergoing a number of changes to its design this coin has embraced the many traditions and celebrations of Canada by displaying its rich history.

In 1937 an image of a caribou, designed by Emanuel Hahn replaced the twin maple boughs and other than for a few special edition coin years, the caribou is the image that generally appears on most of the Canada's quarters.

Always featuring England's current monarchy on its face the quarter is best known for the Caribou image which generally appears on its flip side. Some exceptions include Canada's 1967 Centennial year when a bobcat was featured on the 25 cent coin.

To celebrate the 100th anniver…

Canadian One Dollar Coin: The Loonie

The Canadian one dollar coin is one of many coins and bills that comprise Canadian money.

Due the costs involved in regularly replacing paper money the switch from a paper dollar to one of coin came in 1987 but not without a strange twist of humor affecting its future historical references. Because the restyled dollar featured a loon on its flip side it quickly acquired the dubious honor of being nicknamed “The Loonie”.  Subsequent attempts to drift away from having the new one dollar coin hosting the distinguished title of Loonie just did not work and the term remains to stand tall and strong within Canadian History Books as the official name of Canada’s one dollar coin.

The actual first Canadian dollar coin made in Canada was minted in 1935. The image of King George Vl was proudly displayed on the face of the coin while the flip side featured a Voyageur and his native companion in a canoe. A little known fact about this first coin is that one of the bundles within the canoe bears the …

Canadian Two Dollar Coin

The Toonie (Twoonie) is Canada's first bi-metal coin. Minted on February 19, 1996 this 2 dollar piece was a very unique creation because it was the first Canadian coin to have two separate and distinct metal rings joined together to create a single coin. This bi-metal coin features an outer silver ring and an inner gold colored ring.

On the outer ring of one side of this new coin was imprinted CANADA 2 DOLLARS while on the other side of the outer ring was printed ELIZABETH ll D.G.REGINA. Also featured on this same side of the new two dollar was the year of the coins minting and a small imprint of a maple leaf. The maple leaf being one of Canada's most recognized national symbols.

The wide outer ring of the new two dollar Canadian coin was comprised of 99 percent nickel while the inner ring was composed of a three metal blend of 92 percent copper, 6 percent aluminum, and 2 percent nickel.

The first lots of these to tumble off the assembly line had a very unique defect in their com…